Arizona State Fencing Club
Fencing is only ever contested one against one, although team events exist. The most important piece of equipment is of course the weapon itself of which, as mentioned, there are three kinds: the Epée is the heaviest weapon, the Foil is a lighter thrusting weapon, and the Sabre is a cutting and thrusting weapon derived from the cavalry sword.
In order to register the scores players’ weapons are electronically sensitive, as are the scoring areas of the body, and are connected by a body cord to the scoring box. When a strike is registered there is an audible tone and a light go off.
Fencers must wear a variety of protective attire to minimize the chance of serious injury. This includes a mask that completely covers the head and has a tough mesh at the front through which fencers can see but which is strong enough to repel the weapons. A fencing jacket and a glove on the weapon hand are also require, with other gear to protect various areas of the body.
Fencers compete on a “piste” that is 46 feet (14 meters) long and around six feet (2 meters) wide. There is a center line with on-guard lines six feet (2 meters) to either side across the width of the piste and this is where the fencers start each round from.
Modeled after a street duel, Epee has very few rules where distance and timing are the keys to victory.
Fencing is a sport with a long history and is one of just five sports to have featured in every modern Olympic Games since Athens in 1896. The sport known as fencing normally refers to Olympic fencing, with classical fencing (which is more martial arts based) and historical fencing other variants of the sport. Our club practices the Olympic style with three branches, Epee, Foil, and Sabre.
At the Olympic Games matches are contested over three three-minute rounds, with the winner being either the first to 15 points or whoever has the most hits after the three rounds. Other scoring protocols exist and are usually based on the first fencer to a predetermined number of points, with a five point systems for pools quite common.
Modeled after the the classic sport for gentlemen, Foil has many rules and specific forms one must use in order to gain "right of way" and score the touch.
Scoring is done differently in the three variants of fencing. When using the the Foil only strikes to
the torso, neck, groin and back count and points can only be won using the tip of the weapon, not
the side of the blade.
With the Sabre strikes beneath the waist do not count, the rule originating in the cavalry days when
striking an opponent’s horse was considered ungentlemanly. The hands do not register as a hit but
the competitors may use both the tip and blade of the Sabre to score. As with the Foil, should
players strike each other at the same time the referee will use the “right of way” rule, awarding the
point to the competitor who began their attack first.
With the Epée the right of way rule does not apply and both fencers may score simultaneously,
unless it is the deciding point when neither strike counts. Only the tip of the weapon may be used and
the entire body is a target in Epée.
The object of the game is to use your weapon to strike your opponent - in the specific target area - whilst avoiding being hit yourself. Simple and ruthless.
Descriptions copied from: http://www.rulesofsport.com/sports/fencing.html
Modeled after a mounted soldier, Sabre is the fastest weapon where speed, reaction time, and guts are how bouts are won.